Today we’re just going to post a short article to introduce you to basic dog care. This is ideal for people who are thinking about getting a dog and would like to get an idea in what is involved in its care.
First you should decide if a dog is the right pet for you. Dogs are demanding pets. They require companionship, daily exercise and obedience training. Getting a dog requires a big commitment.
You should buy your dog from a reputable breeder or a rescue center.
If these canine attributes fit your lifestyle go get your new friend!
Housing and bedding
Dogs need their own bed and blanket in a quiet corner of a room where they are able to see what’s going on. It’s best to put your dog’s bed in a draft free area of the kitchen as it’s warm and will have a washable floor.
Your dog will need a food and water bowl along with bedding which should be warm, dry and comfortable.
It will need a well fenced garden where it can exercise and play.
Lift your dog by standing sideways next to it and taking the weight of its chest and hindquarters in both arms.
Stroke it every day, running your hands over its body, head and legs so that it will be comfortable when being examined by a vet.
Dogs can get the right nutrients from pre-prepared food and biscuits available in pet stores.
Many dogs won’t eat all they need in one feeding, so it is best to feed your dog two small meals a day, depending on its size. Feed the smallest quantity recommended for your size of dog and only increase this if it starts to look thin.
Give your dog the same type of food every time to stop it from becoming fussy and take the bowl away after 15 minutes. Older dogs and dogs that have been neutered will need less food.
Give your dog sterilized marrow bones, rather than cooked bones, which can splinter.
It will also need fresh, clean water every day.
Exercise and Play
Dogs shouldn’t be left on their own for more than 4 hours a day as they will become lonely and destructive.
Dogs love to play but they shouldn’t be forced if they’re trying to sleep.
Buy safe chewy toys and change them regularly so they remain interesting.
Walk your dog every day. The amount of exercise and space it needs will vary depending on its age and breed. It will show signs of tiredness when it has had a long enough walk. Your dog can be taken off the lead only in safe, traffic-free areas, as long as it has been trained to come back.
It is important to clean up after your dog when you take it for a walk. Use gloves or a pooper scooper as dog faeces can contain a worm that causes health problems for humans.
To stop your dog from using the house as a toilet give it plenty of praise when it uses the garden.
Bedding should be aired every day and washed or replaced every week.
Dogs should be brushed every day to keep their coats in good condition.
Different breeds will need different amounts of washing and grooming. So ask a vet or a groomer how often or what sort of brush you should use.
Remember to brush the tummy and in between the hind legs. Grooming is a good way to bond with your dog while you can check its skin and coat for health problems.
A healthy dog should be alert and bright eyed, with no signs of discharge around the eyes, mouse or nostrils.
The skin should be clean with no lumps, bumps or inflammation.
Your dog should have a clean, glossy coat and no signs of diarrhoea around it’s tail.
It should be able to walk without limping and have clean teeth and gums. Keep it’s teeth clean with chews, strong toys and canine toothpaste and brushes available at pet shops or from your vet.
Dogs need vaccinations throughout their lives and this can be expensive but vital to your dog’s wellbeing. They need regular treatment for fleas and worms.
In some countries it is a legal requirement for dogs to wear a collar and tag, which should be loose enough to fit two fingers underneath it.
Vets also recommend microchipping to help identify your pet if it goes missing.
Have fun with your dog!
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